One of the most significant revolutionary freedom fighters in the Indian freedom movement was Subhas Chandra Bose, affectionately known as Netaji by his supporters. Annually, on January 23, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti is observed. His birth date is also known as Parakram Divas since 2021. Both as the instigator of the Azad Hind Fauj and as the commander of the Indian National Army."You give me blood, and I'll give you freedom", he famously declared. Let's find out more about Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti, the inspiration for the holiday, and how it is observed throughout India.
India as a whole celebrates this day together, and some states even declare it a public holiday. In addition to being a scholar, a patriot, a leader, an intellectual, a visionary, a socialist, and a warrior, Subhash Chandra Bose was also a man of enormous fortitude and resolve. The most crucial and prestigious title in history, Netaji, was bestowed upon him for his tireless efforts to secure his country's freedom.
In India, Subhas Chandra Bose is still a well-known popular figure more than 70 years after his reported demise. Additionally, he continued to be revered by Indian youngsters as a figure of bravery and patriotism. In India, his birthday is commemorated as Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti. West Bengal, Tripura, Jharkhand, and Assam state governments regard this day as a holiday. Moreover, according to the central government, Subhas Chandra Bose's birthday would be celebrated as Parakram Divas starting in 2021.
Janakinath Bose and Pravabati Devi welcomed Subhas Chandra Bose into the world in 1897. His father worked as an attorney. Subhas was patriotic from a young age, evidenced by the numerous tales and narratives describing him. He continued to pursue a civil servant career after finishing his education. Moreover, he resigned from his position and joined the Indian national movement since serving the British government didn't sit well with his patriotic side.
Bose was a dynamic leader who collaborated with a clandestine organisation of revolutionaries operating out of Kolkata to fight the British. He was later selected to serve as the President of the Bengal Youth Congress while working for Chittaranjan Das as a newspaper editor. Netaji quickly ascended the ranks of Congress. Furthermore, he was elected President of the Indian National Congress in 1938 and advocated for total independence from the British.
He again won the election the next year over a rival who had Mahatma Gandhi's support. The revolutionary philosophy of Subhas Chandra Bose did not appeal to Gandhiji. Despite the fact that they both desired India's independence from the British, their approaches were very different. Subhas Chandra Bose resigned from his position and founded his party, the Forward Block, in order to stop future unrest in Congress. Despite their differences, Netaji and Gandhiji still had great love and respect for one another.
He evaded house arrest in 1941 and went to Germany. He opposed Germany's efforts to carry out ethnic cleansing and spread racial propaganda. But he saw that an alliance with the Axis countries was essential to liberate India from the British during the Second World War. Rashbehari Bose asked him to lead the first Indian National Army, which he dubbed the Azad Hind Fauj, in 1943. He oversaw the armed uprising in India against the British.
Although there is considerable debate about his demise, it is generally accepted that he died on August 18, 1945, in a plane crash or accident. He was an ardent nationalist who sacrificed everything to free India. Although he did not personally contribute to India's independence, he was a significant player who guided India through its most trying moments and encouraged future generations to join the liberation cause. The Indian government thus picked the Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti date to honour the bravery and sacrifice of this great Indian.
In India, people decorate his statue, raise the Indian flag, and hold cultural events in schools and universities to commemorate his birthday. Each year on January 23, three states—West Bengal, Tripura, and Orissa—also observe a public holiday in honour of Subhas Chandra Bose. Even though the event is held nationwide, people flock to a few special locations on his birthday.
Subhas Chandra Bose has a shrine-like presence in the Netaji Museum at Giddapahar, Kurseong. His brother, the lawyer and liberation fighter Sarat Chandra Bose, is the owner of the museum. Because Netaji lived here for seven years, this house is particularly special. It is also claimed that this is where he wrote his well-known Haripura sessions address. As a Netaji Museum and research centre for Himalayan languages, culture, and society, the location was reopened by the Netaji Institute of Asian Studies.
In this location, for the first time in Indian history, Netaji raised the tricolour flag of a free India. Bose's accomplishments and contributions to the INA's creation are on display in this museum. Also nearby the museum is a massive statue of Bose. This location has a special position on the list because Bose attracted thousands of people to fight for the independence of their motherland after taking over the leadership of the INA, which Captain Mohan Singh created.
The Kolkata Netaji Bhawan is another location on the list. Previously, Netaji resided here before fleeing Kolkata in secret to Germany and eventually Japan. The home serves as a library, museum, and Netaji place archive today under the auspices of the Netaji Research Bureau. Additionally visible here is the Wanderer automobile, which he used in 1941 to evade house imprisonment.
This museum in Delhi is devoted to INA heroes who went through an INA trial and is situated in the RedFort complex.
This is all about your general knowledge. Everyone should know about the greatest freedom fighter. To enhance your knowledge, you can take Online tuition classes. Now that you know, when will Netaji's birthday be? You already know the solution and a summary of the person whose birthday is celebrated on January 23 every year. Therefore, be sure to utilise the lessons learned from this courageous revolutionary in your life. Moreover, you can take GK Olympiad classes to get all the GK. It will enable you to develop into someone like Netaji, who keeps their attention on the right road even when things are tough.