What is Republic Day, when is it celebrated, and how?

What is Republic Day, when is it celebrated, and how?

If you have any questions like, "What is Republic Day?" This blog is to answer your question. India celebrates Republic Day on January 26th of each year. On Thursday, 2023, the country will celebrate its 74th Republic Day. It is a significant national holiday that honours the creation and approval of the Indian Constitution.

India as a whole celebrates the day with great enthusiasm and patriotism. At Rajpath in New Delhi, a variety of cultural activities and military parades are organised, featuring the Indian armed forces and the hoisting of the national flag in various regions of the nation. Happy Republic Day greetings are exchanged, and via the mesmerising parades and airshows put on by the Indian military, people may truly understand what it means to be Indian.

History of Republic Day

Are you interested in learning why we celebrate Republic Day?

In addition to abolishing the Government of India Act, which had previously fixed a date for our country, Republic Day commemorated the adoption of the Indian Constitution on January 26th, 1950.

The Indian Constitution was not in place before the Independence on August 15th, 1947. The statutes were instead primarily inspired by the Government of India Act 1935. On August 29th, 1947, a resolution naming Dr. BR Ambedkar as the head of the committee tasked with drafting our country's independent constitution was approved.

The constitution's guiding principles were developed in India over two years and eleven months. On January 26th, 1950, our Indian constitution finally became operative. January 26th was chosen since the Indian National Congress announced Indian Independence in 1930 with Purna Swaraj. Thus, the nation commemorates Republic Day, which commemorates the adoption of the Indian constitution, and Independence Day, which remembers the day India gained Independence from British domination. In light of this, when is Republic Day celebrated? The correct date is January 26th.

How is India's Republic Day celebrated?

As an Indian, it is essential to have Republic day information. That includes how, why and when Republic day is celebrated. Happy Republic Day is a historic holiday that the Indian people commemorate with equal fervour and enthusiasm. The Indian armed services organise several parades and flag-hoisting ceremonies on this day. In many schools across the nation, extraordinary cultural events like parades, singing or dance, etc., occur.

The most significant military parade is held in New Delhi on Rajpath, exhibiting our nation's military prowess and rich cultural legacy. The Ministry of Defense organises the Delhi Republic Day Parade to honour bravery awards given to armed forces members, civilians, or individuals for their brave acts for the nation's benefit.

A line of army regiments passed the Indian president as they saluted him and advanced past. Following the recognition of the recipients of the gallantry awards, combat tanks, missiles, and other military hardware are displayed during the parade. By placing a condolence wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti, also known as the India Gate, the Prime Minister of India pays honour to the Indian army personnel who gave their lives in defence of the nation.

Following that, several armed personnel, including the police and home guards with the National Cadet Corps, marched on Rajpath to show their enthusiasm. Multiple gun salutes, the raising of the flag and the singing the national anthem occur after the parade. The winners are presented with gallantry awards. The festival came to a close with daring bike riding and air displays by the Indian Air Force.

Importance of Republic Day

On January 26th, 1950, the Indian Constitution was ratified, and today is celebrated as Happy Republic Day. On August 15th, 1947, India declared its Independence from the British Empire, and a commission was formed to develop a new constitution under the direction of Dr B. R. Ambedkar. The day honours India's Independence and individuality and the individuals' democratic right to choose their government. The nation honours the day as a national holiday in recognition of the adoption of the Indian Constitution.

January 26th: National Holiday

January 26th National Holiday

To honour the adoption of the Indian Constitution, January 26th is observed as Happy Republic Day in India. The constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituency Assembly on November 26th, 1949, and it became operative under a democratic system on January 26th, 1950. One of India's most significant national holidays, along with Independence Day and Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti, is observed annually on August 15th and October 2nd, respectively.

Every year, the nation as a whole observes January 26 as a public holiday. Therefore all local, state and federal government agencies are required to be closed on this day. Additionally, every other shop and commercial establishment has shut down or has shortened its hours of operation.

Facts about the Indian Constitution

Here are some interesting Constitution of India facts you should be aware of:

  • The Indian Constitution, which has 117,369 handwritten words, is the longest in the world.
  • Over 2000 changes were made to the draught of the Indian Constitution, which has artwork on each of its pages.
  • The book includes one thousand photolithographic replicas of the constitution, while the original copies are carefully stored in Parliament House's library.
  • Two hundred thirty-eight people signed the constitution in total from the drafting committee.
  • Dual citizenship is not permitted under Indian law.
  • The American constitution served as a model for the fundamental rights outlined in our own.
  • The USSR influenced the Five-Year Plan concept.
  • The "heart and soul of the Constitution" is said to be found in Article 32 of the Indian Constitution, titled "Right to Constitutional remedies."


You now understand that the purpose of India's Republic Day is to honour the creation and adoption of the Indian Constitution and to raise awareness of those efforts. However, you can enrol in top Online tuition classes if you want to take current affairs lessons. There you gain complete knowledge about essential days of India and other parts of the world. In online tuition classes, you can get opportunities to take online spoken english classes as well as classes for competitive exams. Nowadays, everyone is taking the benefits of online classes; you can too.

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